POS vs card readers: What they are and how they're different

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Terminal

Build a unified commerce experience across your online and in-person customer interactions. Stripe Terminal provides platforms and enterprises with developer tools, pre-certified card readers, Tap to Pay on compatible iPhone and Android devices, and cloud-based device management.

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  1. Introduction
  2. What does POS stand for?
  3. What is a POS system?
  4. How does a POS work?
  5. What is a card reader?
  6. How does a card reader work?
  7. Whats the difference between a card reader and a POS?
  8. Do I need a POS or a card reader?
  9. Benefits of using a POS system

To accept customer payments, businesses must know which types of payment hardware and software best fit their needs. Making decisions about what kind of payment setup is right for your business – and best suited to how your customers want to pay you – first requires understanding the difference between a point-of-sale (POS) terminal and a card reader.

Once you understand the distinct functions and roles of POS terminals and card readers in payment processing and business operations, it will become much easier to determine what hardware and software best support your needs.

We'll cover what POS terminals and card readers are, how they work and which is most beneficial for different types of businesses.

What's in this article?

  • What does POS stand for?
  • What is a POS system?
  • How does a POS work?
  • What is a card reader?
  • How does a card reader work?
  • What's the difference between a card reader and a POS?
  • Do I need a POS or a card reader?

What does POS stand for?

In the context of payments, "POS" stands for "point of sale". This can refer to two things:

  • The time and place where a customer makes a purchase from a business. For example, POS might be the checkout counter at a brick-and-mortar retail shop, the online checkout flow of an e-commerce website or the moment when a handyman uses a card reader on his mobile device to process a client's card in their home.
  • POS can also refer to the system of hardware and software that, together, facilitate customer purchases for businesses.

What is a POS system?

A POS system is the hardware and software that businesses use to accept payments from customers and complete other tasks, which can include:

  • Updating inventory
  • Tracking sales
  • Cash drawer management
  • Printing receipts
  • Scanning barcodes and QR codes
  • Clocking employees in and out
  • Running reports on sales and other analytics
  • Managing customer accounts and rewards

While not every POS system performs the same functions, overall, modern POS systems are capable of executing a complex set of essential jobs for businesses.

How does a POS work?

POS systems are a combination of local hardware and (typically) cloud-based software. POS systems such as Stripe Terminal aim to provide retailers with a unified payment system that integrates their business on all channels, both online and in person.

Some POS systems are ready-to-use solutions that businesses can set up quickly to process customer payments, track inventory and manage employees – all the things a POS system is great at. But for businesses that want a more customised POS system, Stripe Terminal provides sophisticated developer tools that give retailers the flexibility to create a setup that's tailored to their needs.

What is a card reader?

A card reader is a device that accepts credit and debit cards as a payment method. It can be one component within a larger POS terminal used for in-person card transactions or a small attachment for mobile devices that processes card payments on the go. No matter what format a card reader takes, all serve the same core task: accepting card payments from customers and communicating the card information to the POS and the business's payment processor.

How does a card reader work?

Most card readers take one of the following forms:

  • Stand-alone countertop card readers
  • Card readers that attach to mobile devices
  • Card readers that are a component of a POS terminal

In every case, card readers accept credit or debit card information at the point of sale and relay that information to the business's payment processor, who communicates with the card's issuing bank to authorise the transaction. Most card readers are able to accept credit and debit card payments in multiple ways, including:

  • Contactless payments: Transactions made with digital wallets and some newer credit cards are powered by near-field communication (NFC) technology.
  • EMV chips: These are the small computer chips embedded in certain credit and debit cards, which are used by inserting the chip end of the card into the card reader.
  • Magnetic stripe (magstripe) swiped payments: These payments use the magnetic stripe on credit cards to transmit the card number to the card reader.

What's the difference between a card reader and a POS?

A card reader is a component of a POS; the two are not interchangeable terms. Card readers accept credit and debit card information, such as the card number and the cardholder's name and address, and send that information – along with the amount being requested for purchase – to the business's payment processor. That's where the role of card readers ends. The POS, on the other hand, takes the information from the transaction and uses it to perform many important operations relating to the purchase, such as creating receipts, documenting customer information, updating inventory, logging the sale for accounting purposes, documenting any rewards programme information and noting which employee performed the transaction.

Do I need a POS or a card reader?

The answer to this question depends on your business. Here are common scenarios that fit most businesses and the hardware and software needed to support each of them:

  • If your business accepts in-person payments
    If your business operates IRL (not exclusively online) and you accept credit card payments, you'll need a POS terminal with a card reader.

  • If you operate a fully online or mobile business
    If your work requires you to be on the go or make house calls – think hair stylists, carpenters or personal trainers – then you probably don't have space for a full-size POS terminal like you'd find at a brick-and-mortar retailer. The best choice for you is a card reader with POS software on your mobile device.

  • If you're an e-commerce retailer who only operates online
    If you don't accept in-person payments, you don't need a card reader. You will, however, need a payment gateway on your digital storefront where customers can complete credit and debit card transactions. And you will still want some sort of software that functions similarly to an in-person POS, allowing you to track sales and update inventory.

Benefits of using a POS system

If you run a retail business online, in person or both, it doesn't take long to understand that the right POS system can radically change how you operate. In short, it simplifies every aspect of your business and equips you with valuable data about your sales and customers – while minimising the amount of labour required to run so many key business functions.

Here are a few other ways a POS system can benefit businesses:

  • Reduce mistakes
    A strong POS system safeguards your business against human error when it comes to processing payments. During an in-person customer transaction, it's sometimes too easy for us to skip steps and make mistakes. Your POS will flag when something goes wrong or is done incorrectly, keeping your transaction secure and preventing costly mistakes.

  • Track inventory
    Most POS systems also double as inventory management, alerting you when items need to be ordered. And POS systems can track when items are sold, where and to whom, showing you seasonal and regional sales trends that can help you forecast demand more accurately.

  • Generate actionable sales reports
    One of the most valuable aspects of a POS system is that it logs sales data, which lets you detect trends, learn about your customers and inform strategic decision-making for your business. Your POS system can be an insight-generating tool to experiment with new approaches, track performance and evaluate what you learn.

  • Manage staff easily
    POS systems serve business operations beyond payment processing and sales reporting – they're also great for managing your team. You can track employees' hours, take care of scheduling and get a bird's-eye view of productivity.

  • Perform fast omnichannel updates
    POS software allows businesses to perform system-wide updates at multiple locations, both in person and online, with a single update. For example, if you have three retail locations and an e-commerce store, and your business starts carrying a new product, your POS software will allow you to push the update to all fronts simultaneously. If a product is out of stock at one location but available at another location, your POS will tell you.

A POS system is a powerful tool for keeping every aspect of your business updated, ensuring your team is on the same page about sales and inventory, and facilitating the best possible customer experience everywhere your business operates.

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