Stripe users in the United States can accept ACH Direct Debit payments from customers with a US bank account using the Automated Clearing House (ACH) payments system operated by Nacha.
ACH Direct Debit is a reusable, delayed notification payment method. This means that it can take up to 4 business days to receive acknowledgement of their success or failure. Because ACH Direct Debit isn’t a guaranteed payment method, there is a risk of failed payments and disputes.
ACH Direct Debit requires a slightly different workflow than accepting credit cards:
You must collect a mandate from the customer that authorizes payments under specific terms.
Bank accounts must be verified to comply with ACH Direct Debit rules. For more information, see the Support page.
Stripe Financial Connections lets your customers securely share their financial data by linking their financial accounts to your business. Use Financial Connections to access customer-permissioned financial data such as tokenized account and routing numbers, balance data, ownership details, and transaction data.
Your customers might choose to enter their bank account manually instead of authenticating with Stripe Financial Connections. In these cases, Stripe provides a fully-hosted flow for collecting bank account details and verifies with microdeposits.
You can add ACH Direct Debit and other payment methods from the Stripe Dashboard without changing your code. Stripe determines the list of supported payment methods to show each customer by evaluating the currency, payment method restrictions, and other parameters. Learn how to accept ACH Direct Debit and other payment methods automatically with Checkout and Payment Element.
The following Stripe products also support adding ACH Direct Debit from the Dashboard:
If you prefer to manually list payment methods or want to save ACH Direct Debit details for future payments, see the following guides:
With ACH Direct Debit, it can take time for funds to become available in your Stripe balance. The amount of time it takes for funds to become available is referred to as the settlement timing. The following table lists the settlement timings for ACH Direct Debit payments that Stripe offers.
|Settlement type||Timing||Cutoff time||Additional information|
|Standard settlement||4 business days from payment creation||24:00 UTC (7:00pm EST / 8:00pm EDT)||After ACH Direct Debit payments settle to your Stripe account balance, we make payouts to your bank account according to your set payout schedule.|
|Faster settlement||2 business days||2:00pm Eastern (18:00 UTC / 19:00 UTC)||This option is available only to eligible users. You can check your eligibility and activate this option on the payment method settings page in the Dashboard. For more information on faster settlement, see the Support page.|
ACH Direct Debit transactions can fail any time after the payment is initiated through payment confirmation. These failures can occur for a number of reasons, such as:
- Insufficient funds
- An invalid account number
- A customer disabling debits from their bank account
If a payment fails after funds have been made available in your Stripe balance, Stripe immediately removes funds from your Stripe account.
ACH Direct Debit rules require that you first get permission from a customer to take payments before you can debit their bank account. To get this permission, you present a mandate to them. This mandate specifies the terms for one-time or recurring payments. The customer must agree to this mandate before you can collect any payments from their bank account.
Stripe displays a mandate on the payment page for you if you use one of the following hosted products:
- Payment Element
- Hosted Invoices Page
Mandates for custom payment forms
For custom payment forms that directly integrate with the PaymentIntents API, you must display the mandate terms on your payment page before confirming the PaymentIntent or SetupIntent.
You only need to display a mandate the first time you collect a customer’s bank account.
Types of mandates
There are two types of mandates: online and offline.
Online mandates—appear as part of the payment flow on a website. Customers accept online mandates through a user interface element, such as clicking an Accept or Pay button, or by checking a box.
Offline mandates—require that you present the specific terms of the transaction on a receipt or over the phone. The customer accepts those terms when they sign the receipt or verbally agree to the terms over the phone.
Recommended mandate text
We recommend that you use the following mandate text for your custom payment form. This text must include the customer’s name, bank account information, and the date.
For details on displaying the correct business name for Connect users, see merchant of record and statement descriptors.
By clicking [accept], you authorize Rocket Rides to debit the bank account specified above for any amount owed for charges arising from your use of Rocket Rides’ services and/or purchase of products from Rocket Rides, pursuant to Rocket Rides’ website and terms, until this authorization is revoked. You may amend or cancel this authorization at any time by providing notice to Rocket Rides with 30 (thirty) days notice.
If you use Rocket Rides’ services or purchase additional products periodically pursuant to Rocket Rides’ terms, you authorize Rocket Rides to debit your bank account periodically. Payments that fall outside of the regular debits authorized above will only be debited after your authorization is obtained.
Mandate and microdeposit emails
By default, if your customer provides a billing email address, Stripe automatically emails your customer the following information:
- Confirmation of the mandate, per Nacha requirements.
- Notification if Stripe needs to use microdeposits to verify your customer’s bank account. These notification emails link to a hosted verification page.
Sending custom mandate notifications
You can send custom mandate notifications to customers.
To send custom mandate notifications:
- Turn off Stripe emails in the Stripe Dashboard email settings
- Send a mandate confirmation email when you receive your customer’s bank account and mandate authorization.
In the email, include the following information:
- Authorization date
- Account holder name
- Financial institution
- Routing number
- Last four digits of the account number
The following is a sample mandate confirmation email that you can send.
|Agreement Date||June 28, 2021|
|Account Holder Name||Jenny Rosen|
|Financial Institution||Chase Bank|
Thank you for signing up for direct debits from Rocket Rides. You have authorized Rocket Rides to debit the bank account specified above for any amount owed for charges arising from your use of Rocket Rides’ services and/or purchase of products from Rocket Rides, pursuant to Rocket Rides’ website and terms, until this authorization is revoked. You may amend or cancel this authorization at any time by providing notice to Rocket Rides with 30 (thirty) days notice.
You have authorized Rocket Rides to debit your bank account periodically if and when you use Rocket Rides’ services or purchase more than one of Rocket Rides’ products periodically pursuant to Rocket Rides’ terms. Payments that fall outside of the regular debits authorized above will only be debited after your authorization is obtained.
ACH Direct Debit provides a dispute process for bank account holders to dispute payments. Customers can dispute a debit payment through their bank for up to 60 calendar days after a debit on a personal account, or up to 2 business days for a business account. The customer’s bank can honor any dispute within this period.
When a dispute is created, Stripe sends both the charge.dispute.created and charge.dispute.closed webhook events and deducts the amount of the dispute and associated dispute fee from your Stripe balance.
Unlike credit card disputes, all ACH Direct Debit disputes are final and there is no process for appeal. If a customer successfully disputes a payment, you must contact them if you want to resolve the situation.
When a customer disputes an ACH Direct Debit payment, it invalidates the mandate associated with the payment method and you can’t reuse it. To attempt a charge again, you must resolve the dispute with the customer and collect a new mandate authorization. If they dispute a subsequent payment, Stripe blocks the bank account from further re-use and you must contact Stripe Support for further resolution.
You must submit refunds for ACH Direct Debit payments within 180 days from the date of the original payment. Refunds require at least 3 business days to process. If you accidentally debit your customer, contact them immediately to avoid a payment dispute.
We process refunds only after the payment process completes. If you create a full or partial refund on a payment that hasn’t completed yet, Stripe initiates the refund when the
PaymentIntent status transitions to
succeeded. If the
PaymentIntent status transitions to
failed, we mark the full or partial refund as canceled because the money was never debited from the customer’s bank account.
Stripe doesn’t explicitly label ACH Direct Debit refunds as refunds when we deposit the funds back to a customer’s bank account. Instead, we process refunds as a credit and include a reference to the statement descriptor for the original payment.
The longer settlement time periods and the way banks process ACH Direct Debit transactions can cause confusion between you, your customer, your customer’s bank, and Stripe. For example, your customer might contact both you and their bank to dispute a payment. If you proactively issue your customer a refund while the customer’s bank also initiates the dispute process, your customer might receive two credits for the same transaction.
When issuing a refund, inform your customer immediately that the refund typically takes 3 business days to arrive in their bank account.
Every ACH Direct Debit payment shows up on customers’ bank statements with the name of the merchant. For payments created with Stripe, the name of the merchant is your Stripe account’s statement descriptor. You can override this default behavior for every transaction independently by using a dynamic statement descriptor. To do so, specify the
statement_descriptor parameter when creating the
The table below illustrates the merchant name behavior you can expect on the customer’s bank statement:
|Default statement descriptor||Dynamic statement descriptor||Merchant name||Bank statement descriptor|
Each bank formats these fields differently. Depending on your customer’s bank, some fields may appear in all lowercase or uppercase.
If you use Connect, you must take the following into consideration before you enable and use ACH Direct Debits.
Request ACH Debit capabilities for your connected accounts
us_bank_account_ach_payments capability to
active on your platform account, and for any connected accounts you want to enable for ACH debits. You can also request more account capabilities.
Merchant of record and statement descriptors
The charge type of Connect payments might change the default statement descriptor and the merchant name that appears on the customer’s bank statement. The charge type can also change:
- The merchant of record shown on the mandate
- The merchant shown on confirmation emails
- The merchant shown on microdeposit reminder emails
The merchant of record determines the Stripe account authorized to create payments with a particular PaymentMethod. To learn more about sharing this authorization across multiple connected accounts, see PaymentMethod and Mandate cloning.
|Charge type||Descriptor taken from|
|Separate charge and transfer||Platform|
|Destination (with ||Connected Account|
|Separate charge and transfer (with ||Connected Account|
PaymentMethod and mandate cloning
You can collect customer bank accounts on the platform account and clone ACH Direct debit payment methods. Cloning these methods allows you to save customer bank accounts for later use on connected accounts. When you clone ACH Direct Debit payment methods, Stripe duplicates the mandate authorization to the connected account, but we don’t send any new mandate confirmation emails.
When collecting a bank account that you intend to clone to connected accounts, you must communicate to the customer that their authorization extends to connected accounts on your platform. For example, you can communicate this message to a customer through the mandate terms. Failure to communicate this message to your customers could result in customer confusion and increase the risk of disputed payments.