A Source object can be either single-use or reusable, as indicated by its
usage parameter. While sources can be charged directly, reusable sources should always be attached to a Customer object for later reuse. Attaching reusable sources to
Customer objects allows you to present your customers with a list of reusable payment methods that they have previously used with your app or website.
Certain payment methods (e.g., SEPA Direct Debit) support reusable sources, so that you can create additional payments without your customer’s needing to complete the payment process again. A source that can be reused has its
usage parameter set to
You must attach a reusable source to a
Customer object before making a charge request. If you charge a reusable source without first attaching it, the source is consumed (its status changes from
consumed). Consumed sources cannot be used for further payments.
Attaching a source to a new Customer object
You can create a
Customer object and attach a source in one API call. This is useful if this is the first time you’re seeing this customer.
The source becomes the
Customer object’s default source, since this is the customer’s first and only payment method. The default source is automatically selected if you make a charge request using the
customer parameter without specifying a
Attaching a Source to an existing Customer object
When you update a
Customer object that has a default source, this automatically detaches the existing source, and adds the provided source as the new default. To add a source without replacing the existing default, use the attach method, as shown below.
Here, because a default source might already exist for the
Customer object, the newly attached source does not become the default source. However, you can change the default source by updating the
Customer object and specifying the source as a value for
Charging an attached source
You must specify both the
Customer object and the source when making a charge request.
If you attempt to charge a
Customer object without specifying a source, Stripe uses the customer’s default source.
Detaching a source
If you need to remove a source from a particular
Customer object, you can detach the source. Doing so changes the source’s status to
consumed, so it cannot be used once detached.
Single-use sources must be created each time a customer makes a payment, and cannot be reused. For that reason, we do not recommend that you permanently attach them to customers.
If you want to associate a payment with a particular
Customer object, you can include a
customer parameter when making a charge request with a source, even if the source is not attached.
Charge object references both the
Source objects, even if they are not directly related to one another.