Every customer in Stripe Billing has a credit balance against which you can issue credit and debit adjustments. Adjustments in the credit balance could be a credit (meaning you owe them money) or a debit (meaning they owe you money). These adjustments sum up to a balance on the customer which can be applied to future invoices.
Because the customer balance is computed from a ledger—an immutable list of debit and credit transactions—it provides an audit trail of transactions for the customer. These Customer Balance Transactions can refer to the object related to the adjustment (such as a Credit Note or Invoice), or even metadata for your own reference.
Some common use cases for customer credit balances include:
- Issuing a Credit Note to create a credit that reduces the amount due on the next invoice.
- Prorations from downgrading a subscription can indirectly create credits to reduce the amount due on the next invoice.
- When the amount due on an invoice is less than the minimum chargeable amount the invoice is marked as paid and the amount owed moved to the customer balance as a debit.
Good to know
- The credit balance is automatically applied towards the next invoice finalized to a customer.
- You cannot choose a specific invoice to apply the credit balance to.
- You cannot choose to not apply the credit balance to an invoice.
- The credit balance is in the Customer’s currency.
Debits and credits
Negative values are treated as a credit (a reduction in the amount owed by the customer) which can be applied to the customer’s next invoice.
Positive values are treated as a debit (an increase in the amount owed by the customer to you) which can be applied to the customer’s next invoice.
All modifications to the credit balance are recorded as Transactions. Once created, you may only update its
metadata–you cannot edit other properties or delete a transaction.
Undo a transaction
You can only undo it by creating a corresponding, reversing transaction. For instance, if you credit the customer $10 you would have to debit the customer $10 in a new transaction, each canceling the other one out.
type property has many more possible values to represent the creation source and reason for the transaction. The following table outlines and describes each of these
|An explicitly created adjustment transaction to debit or credit the credit balance. This is the only type of transaction that can be created via API integrations & the Dashboard.|
|Traces the application of credit against a linked Invoice.|
|Traces the creation of credit to a Credit Note and it’s associated Invoice.|
|When the amount due on an invoice is less than Stripe’s minimum chargeable amount the invoice is debited to the customer balance and will be added to the amount due of the next issued invoice.|
|When the amount due on an invoice is greater than Stripe’s maximum chargeable amount, the invoice is debited to the customer balance and will be added to the amount due of the next issued invoice.|
|When unspent funds in receiver sources are not fully charged after 60 days, Stripe automatically charges them on your behalf and credits your balance. When this happens, Stripe also creates a corresponding credit transaction.|
|Represents the starting value of the customer balance when a customer is created via the API with a non-zero credit balance.|
Modify the customer balance
You can modify a customer’s credit balance through the Dashboard by creating a new Customer Balance Transaction adjustment from the Customer’s detail page.
Scroll down to find the Customer credit balance panel, and click the Add balance adjustment button to display the Customer balance adjustment modal.
From here you can set information about the adjustment, such as the Adjustment type (credit or debit), as well as a Currency (only available if the customer does not yet have a currency set), Amount, and an internal note (visible to Dashboard users, but not the customer).
Create adjustments via the Customer Balance API, as shown in the following code example.
curl https://api.stripe.com/v1/customers/cus_4fdAW5ftNQow1a/balance_transactions \ -u\ -d "amount"=-500 \ -d "currency"="usd"sk_test_4eC39HqLyjWDarjtT1zdp7dc
Customer balance transaction history
Audit a Customer’s balance adjustments in the Dashboard by navigating to a Customer’s detail page and scrolling to the Customer credit balance panel.
The Customer balance panel displays the current value of the customer credit balance, and clicking View details will bring you to the transaction history used to calculate that value. Each transaction line displays information relevant to the transaction type, such as a link to the invoice that applied the customer’s credit balance, or the credit note which credited the customer’s balance.
Use the Customer Balance List API to retrieve a list of all transactions for a Customer.
curl https://api.stripe.com/v1/customers/cus_4fdAW5ftNQow1a/balance_transactions \ -usk_test_4eC39HqLyjWDarjtT1zdp7dc